IADIS International Conference e-Learning 2011 (part of the MCCSIS 2011 Conference)

The IADIS International Conference e-Learning 2011 (part of the IADIS Multi Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems) was hosted in Rome, Italy, 20-23 July, 2011.


The purpose of this Conference was to address the main issues of concern within e-Learning, trying to cover both technical as well as the non-technical features of e-Learning.

The IADIS e-Learning 2011 conference received 312 submissions from more than 49 countries. Each submission had been anonymously reviewed by an average of four independent reviewers, to ensure that accepted submissions were of a high standard. Consequently, only 60 full papers were approved which meant an acceptance rate of less than 20%. A few more papers were accepted as short papers, reflection papers, posters and doctoral consortium.

The submissions were accepted under the following main areas and topics:

Organisational Strategy and Management Issues
• Higher and Further Education
• Primary and Secondary Education
• Workplace Learning
• Vocational Training
• Home Schooling
• Distance Learning
• Blended Learning
• Change Management
• Educational Management
• Continuous Professional Development (CPD) for Educational and Training Staff
• Return on e-Learning Investments (ROI)

Technological Issues
• Learning Management Systems (LMS)
• Managed Learning Environments (MLEs)
• Virtual Learning Environments (VLEs)
• Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) Tools
• Social Support Software
• Architecture of Educational Information Systems Infrastructure
• Security and Data Protection
• Learning Objects
• XML Schemas and the Semantic Web
• Web 2.0 Applications

e-Learning Curriculum Development Issues
• Philosophies and Epistemologies for e-learning
• Learning Theories and Approaches for e-learning
• e-Learning Models
• Conceptual Representations
• Pedagogical Models
• e-Learning Pedagogical Strategies
• e-Learning Tactics
• Developing e-Learning for Specific Subject Domains

Instructional Design Issues
• Designing e-Learning Settings
• Developing e-Learning Pilots and Prototypes
• Creating e-Learning Courses
- Collaborative Learning
- Problem-based Learning
- Inquiry-based Learning
- Blended Learning
- Distance Learning
• Designing e-Learning Tasks
- E-learning Activities
- Online Groupwork
- Experiential Learning
- Simulations and Modelling
- Gaming and Edutainment
- Creativity and Design Activities
- Exploratory Programming

e-Learning Delivery Issues
• e-Delivery in Different Contexts
- Higher and Further Education
- Primary and Secondary Schools
- Workplace Learning
- Vocational Training
- Distance Learning
• Online Assessment
• Innovations in e-Assessment
• e-Moderating
• e-Tutoring
• e-Facilitating
• Leadership in e-Learning Delivery
• Networked Information and Communication Literacy Skills
• Participation and Motivation in e-Learning

e-Learning Research Methods and Approaches
• Action Research
• Design Research
• Course and Programme Evaluations
• Systematic Literature Reviews
• Historical Analysis
• Case Studies
• Meta-analysis of Case Studies
• Effectiveness and Impact Studies
• Evaluation of e-Learning Technologies
• Evaluation of Student and Tutor Satisfaction
• Learning and Cognitive Styles
• Ethical Issues in e-learning

e-Skills and Information Literacy for Learning
• Teaching Information Literacy
• Electronic Library and Information

Search Skills
• ICT Skills Education
- in Schools and Colleges
- for Business, Industry and thePublic Sector
- in Adult, Community, Home andPrison Education
- Informal Methods (peer Groups, Family)
• Education for Computer-mediated
• Communication skills
- Netiquette
- Online Safety for Children and Vulnerable Users
- Cybercrime Awareness and Personal Prevention
• Student Production of Online Media
- Web Design
- Digital Storytelling
- Web 2.0 Tools
- etc.
• Digital Media Studies

In addition to the presentation of full, short and reflection papers, posters and a doctoral consortium that divided the conference program in 26 parallel sessions, the conference also included one keynote presentation from an internationally distinguished researcher (Dr. Francois Desjardins, Associate Dean, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT), Canada


Keynote Presentation:



Dr. Francois Desjardins, Associate Dean, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT), Canada



Research in e-learning generally remains in a reactive mode. We tend to react to technological developments and to their introduction in educational settings. This is insufficient. We need to move further into a proactive mode, which would then allow us to progress towards a more complete inductive-deductive cycle of reasoning and research. Add to this the constant calls for better and more complete theoretical frameworks for the study of our field, and it is clear that e-learning needs to define itself, clearly, formally and thoroughly.

We need to define the terms and concepts that are specific to our field of study as these would actually also define this field. Which concepts, theories and models are to be considered within the boundaries of e-learning research and which ones are not? What research perspectives, approaches and methodologies are specific to e-learning? Which ones can we adapt from other fields? How does all this formally relate to research and science in other related fields? Collaboration and cooperation are going to be the keys to the establishment of an actual defined field of study, and in this age of social media and social networks, we need to find a manner to first of all actually enter into a dialogue that would result in a set of negotiated definitions of the basic vocabulary as well as of our most complex theories that would not only be the foundation of our discipline, but that would also be recognizable outside our field. This recognition is important in that it is the only way any research can eventually have any impact on the evolution of ideas and practices in any field, even in e-learning.

The intent of this keynote is simply, to collectively consider if e-learning research actually constitutes a distinct field of research activity, a definable domain of knowledge or if it is an illusion.

Extended versions of the best papers were published in the Interactive Technology and Smart Education (ITSE) journal (ISSN:1741-5659), in the IADIS International Journal on WWW/Internet (ISSN: 1645-7641), and also in other selected journals, including journals from Inderscience.


These were the five papers that were considered as the best papers of the e-Learning 2011 Conference:

Best Emergent Technology Paper:

SMART TAGGING TECHNOLOGIES IN PERVASIVE LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS by Ernest Arendarenko and Teemu H. Laine University of Eastern Finland

Smart tagging represents a way of marking an object with a tag carrying an encoded message which can be decoded with an appropriate reader device. As such comparison study of RFID and 2D barcode technologies does not exist, a pervasive mobile learning environment for vocabulary/memory training (MemGame) was developed for 2D barcode and RFID modes and then tested. Participants expected RFID to be faster and more convenient to use than 2D barcode and these views only strengthened after the test. For everyday life scenarios RFID was more preferred. While RFID is clearly preferred smart tagging technology, cheap price and wide availability of reader devices makes 2D barcode still a good alternative. These results might be useful not only for further pervasive learning environment development but also for mobile application development in general where RFID and/or 2D barcodes are utilized. Concrete outcomes of this study are an NFC plugin for MUPE platform and the MemGame.


Best Research Paper:


A blended learning course with a large number of students is a complex productive system, and measuring its quality is a demanding task. Traditional educational monitoring is based on pre-course and post-course surveys and often measures students' subjective view of the learning environment. As we know, extrinsic motivational elements often have a greater impact on students' opinion of teaching quality than do didactical principles. We therefore define the quality of a course by the amount of knowledge our students have acquired. In consequence, we prefer to use performance data as the basis for learning evaluation. In this paper we present performance data from 284 students which is stored in an educational data warehouse (eDWH). This data has been linked to process data and status data from the same students. Our findings indicate that performance data can be useful in operationalising the quality of a blended learning environment. Based on three concrete examples, we have been able to illustrate the potential of educational monitoring based on performance data. Our monitoring concept not only allows us to verify the validity of our examinations, but also serves to improve our course and to measure this improvement. The results presented here therefore show that the monitoring of a blended learning environment can indeed be improved using performance data.


Best Qualitative Research Paper:

A SOCIO-TECHNICAL ASSESSMENT OF TECHNOLOGY USE AND TEACHING PEDAGOGY IN A DISTANCE LEARNING COMMUNITY: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY by Rasha Goumaa, Damnhour University and University of Liverpool Management School, Roula Michaelide and Lisa Anderson, University of Liverpool Management School, UK

The sociocultural model of learning views learning as a social process that is situation dependent. Within the context of distance learning (DL), the adoption of such a model requires distant learners to be active learners. That is the adoption of a teaching pedagogy that promotes collaborative learning through a process of reflection and interaction with content and with peers and tutors. Computer-mediated communication (CMC) is said to be a valuable tool that can enhance collaborative learning while bridging barriers of distance and time to create a common virtual learning space. This study explores how distant learners make sense of their learning experience, how instructors make sense of their teaching experience, whether a particular learning model dominates and furthermore, examines how technology is being used within the context of a part-time MBA program. Adopting an interpretivist stance and deploying a case study methodology, data were collected via semi-structured interviews with students, academic instructors, and a program head. Template analysis was used to analyze data. Our findings show that students felt they had benefitted from their interaction with each other. They also perceived the technology used to create such virtual classrooms valuable when it was properly aligned with what they believed to be an appropriate teaching pedagogy. While in instances of perceived misalignment, technology was deemed of no added value. We argue that, from a socio-technical perspective, the mere existence of the most advanced forms of technology, without thoughtful use and without the necessary facilities and resources being built in to promote a clearly defined and consistent teaching pedagogy, can actually hinder rather than promote effective distance learning.


Best Practical Paper:


Teachers' understanding of elementary mathematics is an important factor contributing to students' success with mathematics. However, how can this knowledge be nurtured within the time limitations of an 18-week Bachelor of Education program? This paper addresses this question by examining changes in prospective elementary teachers' knowledge of rational numbers after completing a 9-week technology-enhanced elective course and viewing supplemental web-based video clips. The paper describes the course design and video clip format, offers empirical evidence including the impact of moderator variables and proposes implications for teaching practice.


Best Short Paper:


The purpose of this paper is to describe and discuss the initial evaluation of specifically developed inquiry based learning materials for Computing and Forensic Computing students. Small applications have been developed which require investigation in order to: de-bug applications, analyse data issues and discover 'illegal' behavior. The applications are based around industry case studies and are functioning systems. Applications have been designed with a view to supporting the teaching, learning and assessment within the database curriculum at Leeds Metropolitan University. The students are required to use investigative methods to discover and address the issues. Additionally the exercises are intended to give experience of industrial work such as evaluation, testing and de-bugging of software. The initial feedback is that students like the exercises; they initially may not realize there is anything 'wrong' with the applications and enjoy the investigation and discovery of issues. It has raised their awareness of data quality, data integrity and improved their confidence to question outputs from reports and queries.

The e-Learning Conference 2011 was published both in Book (ISBN: 978-972-8939-38-0) and CD-ROM (ISBN: 978-989-8533-00-5).


Program Committee:

Program Chairs:
Miguel Baptista Nunes, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom
Maggie McPherson, University of Leeds, United Kingdom

General Conference Co-Chairs:
Piet Kommers, University of Twente, The Netherlands
Pedro Isaías, Universidade Aberta (Portuguese Open University), Portugal

Committee Members:
Abdel-Badeeh Salem, Ain Shams University, Egypt
Adamantios Koumpis, Altec Information And Communication Systems, S. A., Greece
Adel Elsayed, University Of Bolton, United Kingdom
Adriana Berlanga, Open University, Netherlands
Alex Voychenko, International Research And Training Center For Its, Ukraine
Alexandra Cristea, University Of Warwick, United Kingdom
Alexei Tretiakov, Massey University, New Zealand
Ali Fawaz Shareef, The Maldives National University, Maldives
Alla Manako, Irtc, Ukraine
Amali Weerasinghe, University Of Canterbury, New Zealand
Amjad Mahmood, University Of Bahrain, Bahrain
Andreas Bollin, Klagenfurt University, Austria
Andreas Holzinger, Medical University Graz, Austria
Andreas Papasalouros, University Of The Aegean, Greece
Andrew Lian, Western Illinois University, Usa
Andrew Ravenscroft, London Metropolitan University, United Kingdom
Andrew Ware, Univeristy Of Glamorgan, United Kingdom
Angélica De Antonio, Universidad Politecnica De Madrid, Spain
Ania Lian, Australian Catholic University, Australia
Annabell Preussler, FernUniversität in Hagen, Germany
Annette Payne, Brunel University, United Kingdom
Anouk Gelan, University Hasselt, Belgium
Antonio Hervás-Jorge, Universidad Politécnica De Valencia, Spain
Antonio Navarro, Universidad Complutense De Madrid, Spain
Apostolos Gkamas, RACTI, Greece
Avgoustos Tsinakos, Department Of Industrial Informatics, Greece
Ben Chang, National Chiayi University, Taiwan
Benno Volk, University of Zurich, Switzerland
Bill Railer, Canadian Defence Academy, Canada
Birgit Bomsdorf, Fulda University Of Applied Sciences, Germany
Brian Lake, Guildford College, United Kingdom
Carmen Holotescu, University Politehnica Timisoara, Romania
Cerstin Mahlow, University of Basel, Switzerland
Charalampos Karagiannidis, University of Thessaly, Greece
Charoula Angeli, University Of Cyprus, Cyprus
Christos Bouras, University Of Patras, Greece
Claudia Steinberger, Klagenfurt University, Austria
Concepción Yániz, Universidad De Deusto, Spain
David Guralnick, Kaleidoscope Learning, United States
David Millard, University Of Southampton, United Kingdom
Demetrios Sampson, University Of Piraeus, Greece
Demosthenes Akoumianakis, Technological Educational Institute Of Crete, Greece
Diana Pérez Marín, Rey Juan Carlos University, Spain
Dirk Ifenthaler, University of Manheim, Germany
Edward Wantuch, AGH University of Science and Technology, Poland
Egle Butkeviciene, Kaunas University Of Technology, Lithuania
Elarbi Badidi, United Arab Emirates University, United Arab Emirates
Emma Briend, University Of Limerick, Ireland
Eric Schoop, Technische Universitaet Dresden, Germany
Erick Araya, University Austral Of Chile, Chile
Esma Aimeur, University Of Montréal, Canada
Eva Jereb, University Of Maribor, Slovenia
Eva Martínez Caro, Universidad Politécnica De Cartagena, Spain
Ezendu Ariwa, London Metropolitan University, United Kingdom
Francesca Pozzi, Instituto Tecnologie Didattiche – CNR, Italy
Franz Wirl, WU Wien, Austria
Fuhua Lin, Athabasca University, Canada
Gabriela Grosseck, West University Of Timisoara, Romania
Gabriella Dodero, Free University Of Bolzano Bozen, Italy
Gary Wills, University Of Southampton, United Kingdom
Gemma Corbalan, The Netherlands Institute for Curriculum Developme, Netherlands
Geoffrey Lautenbach, University Of Johannesburg, South Africa
George Palaigeorgiou, Auth, Greece
George Papadourakis, School Of Applied Technology, Greece
George Tsihrintzis, University Of Piraeus, Greece
Giuliana Dettori, Itd-cnr, Italy
Gloria Yi-ming Kao, National Taiwan University Of Science And Technolo, Taiwan
Gregor Lenart, University Of Maribor, Slovenia
Guglielmo Trentin, Cnr - Istituto Tecnologie Didattiche, Italy
Hamid Harroud, Al-Akhawayn University In Ifrane, Morocco
Hasan Caliskan, Anadolu Universitesi, Turkey
Ibrahim Ahmed, International Islamic University, Malaysia
Ignacio Aedo, Universidad Carlos Iii De Madrid, Spain
Imed Hammouda, Tampere University Of Technology, Finland
Ingrid Hunt, University Of Limerick, Ireland
Ioan Jurca, Universitatea , Romania
Ioannis Vardiambasis, Technological Educational Institute (TEI) of Crete, Greece
Ismael Pascual Nieto, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid Y Uned, Spain
Itziar Elexpuru, University Of Deusto, Spain
Ivan Ganchev, University of Limerick, Ireland
Jackeline Spinola De Freitas, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, España
Jaime Ramirez, Universidad Politécnica De Madrid, Spain
Jane Sinclair, University Of Warwick, United Kingdom
Jarkko Suhonen, University of Eastern Finland, Finland
Jerzy Dabkowski, Cracow University Of Technology, Poland
Jesualdo Breis, University Of Murcia, Spain
Jesús Boticario, Universidad Nacional De Educación A Distancia (une, Spain
Jesús Ibáñez, Universidad De Las Islas Baleares, Spain
Jesús Sánchez Allende, Universidad Alfonso X El Sabio, Spain
Jirarat Sitthiworachart, Walailak University, Thailand
Johannes Magenheim, Universitaet Paderborn, Germany
Jose Bidarra, Open University, Portugal
José Bravo, Universidad De Castilla-la Mancha, Spain
José Sierra-Rodríguez, Universidad Complutense De Madrid, Spain
Juan M. Santos, University of Vigo, Spain
Julian Newman, Glasgow Caledonian University, United Kingdom
Katerina Kabassi, TEI of Ionian Islands, Greece
Katherine Maillet, Institut Telecom & Management Sudparis, France
Katherine Sinitsa, Ukraine International Research And Training Center, Ukraine
Kazunori Nozawa, Ritsumeikan University, Japan
Kostas Vassilakis, Technological Educational Institution Of Crete, Greece
Lampros Stergioulas, Brunel University, United Kingdom
Larbi Esmahi, Athabasca University, Canada
Larisa Zaiceva, Riga Technical University, Latvia
Leonardo Garrido, Tecnológico de Monterrey, Mexico
Lester Gilbert, University Of Southampton, United Kingdom
Liliana Valencia, Rey Juan Carlos University, Spain
Liodakis George, Technological Educational Institution Of Crete, Greece
Lisette Lunar, UCAB and IVIC, Venezuela
Lorraine Cleeton, Walden University, Usa
Luigi Sarti, Istituto Per Le Tecnoologie Didattiche, Italy
Luis Álvarez-González, Universidad Austral De Chile, Chile
Luis Anido-Rifón, University Of Vigo, Spain
Lung Hsiang Wong, National Institute Of Education, Singapore
Maiga Chang, Athabasca University, Canada
Mandel Schewa, University Of Zürich, Switzerland
Mandy Schiefner, University Of Zurich, Switzerland
Manolis Tsiknakis, Forth, Greece
Manos Varvarigos, University Of Patras, Greece
Manuel Prieto-Méndez, UCLM, Spain
Manuela Delfino, Istituto per le Tecnologie Didattiche – Cnr, Italy
Manuela Repetto, Instituto Per Le Tecnologie Didattiche – Cnr, Italy
Marco Kalz, Open University Of The Netherlands, Netherlands
Marek Stanuszek, Cracow University Of Technology, Poland
Maria Moundridou, School of Pedagogical and Technological Education , Greece
Maria Rigou, Patras University, Dept of Computer Engineering an, Greece
Marina Ribaudo, University Of Genova, Italy
Marina Rui, University Of Genoa, Italy
Marina Noelia Cantarutti, Cibadist, Argentina
Mario Vacca, University Of Rome , Italy
Mark Schofield, Solstice, United Kingdom
Markus Bick, ESCP Europe, Germany
Martin Ebner, Graz University of Technology, Austria
Martin Wolpers, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium
Martín Llamas-Nistal, University Of Vigo, Spain
Martine Verjans, Universiteit Hasselt, Belgium
Matti Lattu, University Of Helsinki, Finland
Michael Derntl, University Of Vienna, Austria
Michael Kerres, University Duisburg-essen, Germany
Michael Paraskevas, University Of Patras, Greece
Michael Piotrowski, University of Zurich, Switzerland
Michail Kalogiannakis, University of Crete, Greece
Michalis Xenos, Hellenic Open University, Greece
Michel Ebouyea, Univeristy La Rochelle, France
Michela Ott, Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche, Italy
Miguel Zapata Ros, University Of Murcia, Spain
Mihaela Dinsoreanu, Technical University Of Cluj-napoca, Romania
Mihai Jalobeanu, Universitatea de Vest , Romania
Mike Joy, University Of Warwick, United Kingdom
Mirjana Ivanovic, University Of Novi Sad, Serbia
Mizue Kayama, Shinshu University, Japan
Mohamed Amine Chatti, Rwth Aachen University, Germany
Mona Laroussi, Insat/lifl, Tunisia
Monica Landoni, University Of Strathclyde, United Kingdom
Muhammet Demirbilek, Suleyman Demirel University, Turkey
Murat Ataizi, Anadolu University, Turkey
Nirmi Ziegler, Durban University Of Technology, South Africa
Nora Lizenberg, ISP Joaquín V. González, Argentina
Oliver Bohl, University of Kassel, Germany
Panagiotes Anastasiades, University Of Crete, Greece
Paolo Gentilini, Irre Liguria, Italy
Patrick Blumschein, University of Freiburg, Germany
Patrick Fahy, Athabasca University, Canada
Pavel Rusakov, Riga Technical University, Latvia
Penne Wilson, University Of New Mexico, United States
Pertti Yli-luoma, University Of Oulu, Finland
Peter Mikulecky, University Of Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic
Peter Westerkamp, Westfälische Wilhelms-universität Münster, Germany
Pilar Moreno Díaz, Alfonso X El Sabio University, Spain
Qing Tan, Athabasca University, Canada
Rafael Morales, University of Guadalajara, Mexico
Rafael Valencia, Universidad De Murcia, Spain
Raquel Hijon, Rey Juan Carlos University, Spain
Raul Antonio Aguilar Vera, Universidad Autonoma De Yucatan, Mexico
Rory Mcgreal, Athabasca University, Canada
Rosa Bottino, Cnr, Italy
Rosabel Roig-Vila, Universidad de Alicante, Spain
Ruben Miguez Perez, University Of Vigo, Spain
Rubén Edel Navarro, Universidad Veracruzana, México
Rune Pettersson, Pettersson, Sweden
Sandra Schoen, Salzburg Research Forschungsgesellschaft, Austria
Seugnet Blignaut, Faculty Of Education Science, South Africa
Sharon Role, University Of Malta, Malta
Shirley Williams, University Of Reading, United Kingdom
Sibren Fetter, Open University The Netherlands, Netherlands
Sobah A. Petersen, Sintef, Norway
Spiros Sirmakesis, Technological Educational Institutional of Messolo, Greece
Stamatina Anastopoulou, University Of Nottingham, Greece
Stanimir Stojanov, University Of Plovdiv, Bulgaria
Stavros Demetriadis, Aristotle University Of Thessaloniki, Greece
Stefania Manca, Istituto Per Le Tecnologie Didattiche, Italy
Steve Wheeler, University Of Plymouth, United Kingdom
Stis Wu, Chung-yuan Christian University, Taiwan
Susan Moisey, Athabasca University, Canada
Symeon Retalis, University Of Piraeus, Greece
Taher Homeed, University Of Bahrain, Bahrain
Telmo Zarronandia, Carlos Iii University, Spain
Thrasivoulos Tsiatsos, University Of Patras, Greece
Timothy Hall, University Of Limerick, Ireland
TOFFOLON Claudine, Université du Maine, France
Tomas Sabaliauskas, Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania
Tomaz Amon, Center For Scientific Visualization, Slovenia
Toshio Okamoto, University Of Electro-communications, Japan
Tuomo Kakkonen, University Of Joensuu, Finland
Ulf Melin, Linkoping University , Sweden
Ulrike Hanke, Universitaet Freiburg, Germany
Umberto Giani, Università Degli Studi Di Napoli - Federico Ii, Italy
Vaiva Zuzeviciute, Magnus University, LITHUANIA
Valentina Dagiene, Vilnius University, Lithuania
Vassilis Triantafillou, Τechnological Educational Institution Of Mess, Greece
Veijo Meisalo, University of Helsinki, Finland
Veronika Makarova, University Of Saskatchewan, Canada
Vyacheslav Shitikov, Riga Techinical University, Latvia
Werner Beuschel, Fh Brandenburg, Germany
Wolfram Laaser, Fernuniversität In Hagen, Germany
Xavier Ochoa, CTI - ESPOL, Ecuador
Xiaokun Zhang, Athabasca University, Canada
Yannis Psaromiligkos, Technological Education Institute Of Piraeus, Greece
Yubin Yang, University Of New South Wales, Australian Defence , Australia
Zinayida Petrushyna, Rwth Aachen, Germany